Maryland Squatters Rights: Know Your Legal Ground

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Maryland Squatters Rights

When it comes to property rights and tenancy laws, understanding your legal rights is crucial. Maryland, a state known for its historic charm and vibrant cities, also has specific laws governing squatters rights. Whether you’re a property owner concerned about unauthorized occupants or someone curious about your rights as a potential squatter, this blog will provide a comprehensive overview of Maryland squatters rights and the legal implications surrounding them.

What Are Squatters Rights?

Squatters, often referred to as adverse possessors, are individuals who occupy a property without legal permission or ownership rights. Over time, they might claim ownership based on certain legal principles, like adverse possession. In Maryland, squatters rights are governed by specific laws and requirements.

Understanding Adverse Possession

Adverse possession is a legal principle that allows a person to gain ownership of someone else’s property if they meet certain criteria. In Maryland, to claim adverse possession, the squatter must:

  1. Occupy the property openly and notoriously.
  2. Possess the property continuously for at least 20 years.
  3. Possess the property exclusively, meaning they are the sole occupant.
  4. Possess the property under a claim of right, believing they have the legal right to the property.

Limits on Adverse Possession

Maryland law has limitations in place to prevent unjust claims of adverse possession. For instance:

  • The true property owner cannot be a minor or legally incompetent.
  • Squatters cannot claim adverse possession against public land.
  • Squatters cannot claim adverse possession if their occupancy was initially permitted.

Proving Adverse Possession

To successfully claim adverse possession in Maryland, squatters must provide evidence that they meet all the necessary criteria. This may include documents such as tax records, utility bills, and proof of continuous and exclusive occupation.

Old couple property owner

Implications for Property Owners

Property owners should be aware of squatters rights to protect their interests. If you suspect someone is squatting on your property, taking swift legal action is important to prevent potential adverse possession claims.

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Eviction Process for Squatters

Maryland has specific legal procedures for evicting squatters, which involve filing a lawsuit for unlawful detainer. Property owners must follow these procedures to regain possession of their property and ensure they don’t inadvertently grant any rights to squatters.

"No Trespassing" sign in a post

Preventive Measures

To minimize the risk of squatters, property owners can take proactive steps such as regular property inspections, clear signage, securing vacant properties, and addressing any unauthorized occupants promptly.

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Seek Legal Counsel

Whether you’re a property owner concerned about squatters or someone who believes they have a legitimate claim to adverse possession, seeking legal advice is crucial. A qualified attorney can help you navigate the complexities of Maryland’s squatters rights laws and ensure you understand your rights and responsibilities.

For property owners in Maryland, understanding the dos and don’ts of dealing with squatters rights is essential to safeguard your property and rights. This blog outlines actionable steps property owners should take and pitfalls to avoid when it comes to Maryland’s squatters rights laws.


  1. Do Regular Property Inspections:
    Conduct routine property inspections to identify any unauthorized occupants promptly. Early detection can help prevent potential adverse possession claims.
  2. Do Secure Vacant Properties:
    Secure vacant properties with proper locks, alarms, and clear signage. Preventing unauthorized entry can discourage squatters from occupying your property.
  3. Do Document Communications:
    Keep a record of all communications with squatters, including notices and warnings. Documentation can be crucial if legal action becomes necessary.
  4. Do Seek Legal Advice:
    Consult an experienced attorney to understand your rights and legal options when dealing with squatters. A lawyer can provide personalized advice tailored to your situation.
  5. Do Follow Legal Eviction Procedures:
    If squatters are identified, follow Maryland’s legal eviction procedures meticulously. Failing to adhere to proper procedures can lead to legal complications.
  6. Do Act Swiftly:
    Address unauthorized occupants promptly. Delays in taking action might inadvertently strengthen their claim to adverse possession.


  1. Don’t Take Matters into Your Own Hands:
    Avoid taking matters into your own hands, such as attempting to physically remove squatters. Instead, rely on legal channels and proper procedures.
  2. Don’t Ignore Communications:
    Do not ignore communications from squatters or their legal representatives. Open dialogue might lead to amicable resolutions and prevent unnecessary conflicts.
  3. Don’t Delay Legal Action:
    Delaying legal action against squatters can complicate the eviction process. Timely action is crucial to protect your property rights.
  4. Don’t Assume All Abandoned Properties Are Fair Game:
    Never assume that abandoned properties automatically grant squatters rights. Adverse possession still requires meeting specific legal criteria.
  5. Don’t Disregard Legal Counsel:
    Do not disregard legal advice from qualified professionals. Their insights can help you navigate the legal complexities of dealing with squatters.
  6. Don’t Violate Squatters Rights:
    While you have the right to protect your property, avoid violating the rights of squatters. Unlawful actions can lead to legal repercussions.

Understanding Maryland squatters rights is essential for property owners and potential squatters alike. Adverse possession laws are in place to balance the rights of property owners and the interests of those who occupy land over time. By knowing the legal requirements, limitations, and procedures, you can make informed decisions and protect your property interests within the bounds of Maryland’s laws.

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